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Hope and Lifetime Learning Credits

What are the Hope and Lifetime Learning education credits, who is eligible, and why should we take them? Well, let's start with the first part of the question, and work our way to the end. Education credits are tax credits available for qualified education expenses paid by the taxpayer in the furthering of their education. Qualified education expenses are defined as an expense paid during the tax year for tuition and fees required by an eligible educational institution for student enrollment and attendance. It really doesn't matter how you pay these expenses, only that the expenses are valid. Now, let's give some examples of expenses that are not qualified so that you can determine those that are qualified, and how you account for these expenses. Room and board, medical expenses, student health fees, transportation, personal living expense, insurance, course-related books, supplies, equipment, or any non-academic activity or non-credit course are not qualified expenses. What does this leave? Basically: tuition.
If you take a deduction for education expenses in any other area of the personal tax return, you cannot use that expense when figuring a Hope or Lifetime Learning credit. If you received tax-free assistance, such as a Pell Grant or scholarship, you must deduct that amount from your qualified expenses; however, most scholarships and Pell grant monies are taxable, so you may be taxed, but you can also get the credit. If you make any prepayments of tuition, you can use the prepaid amounts on your current year's tax return, provided you have followed all other guidelines.
Now, there are two different credits: the Hope credit and the Lifetime Learning credit. What are their differences? Well, first you cannot take them jointly; you must choose one or the other. The Hope credit can only be taken during the first two years of college, as defined by the educational institution, and cannot exceed $1500. The Lifetime Learning Credit maximum for 2005 is $2000. It cannot be taken in conjunction with the Hope Credit, even if your expense exceeds the Hope limitations. If your expenses exceed the Hope limitation the first two years, simply include the excess on your Schedule A.

Your credits are also limited by your level of income, and your adjusted gross income totals. So, when figuring these credits, you need to consider your current student status, as Hope will expire after your 2nd year of higher education, and your income levels, and your expense levels. You can take any excess expense deductions under your itemized deduction expenses on Schedule A, when Hope or Lifetime Learning is at their maximums.
Who is eligible to take these credits? You are eligible as a taxpayer or eligible dependent that was enrolled as a student in an eligible educational institution. If you can be claimed as someone's dependent, they will be able to claim the education credit, not the dependent. Generally, dependent students' expenses will be claimed by their parents or legal guardians. Now, here is an interesting note: if you are a student, and you cannot be claimed as someone's dependent, only you can take the education credit; even if you are not the individual paying the expense.
Why would you take the credit? I think a better question would be why would you not take the credit? In case you haven't noticed, it can be very expensive to attend higher education classes. For anyone seeking to further their education, receive a degree, and pursue their dream, any tax credit that can be taken, is a helping hand toward achievement of that dream. Today, without furthering your education, you're almost positively sentenced to a lifetime of minimum wage earnings, and struggling to make ends meet. A college education is the fastest route still, to a better life, better wages, and the achievement of the American Dream.

Tony Robinson is a Webmaster and International Author.
Visit for his tax tips.

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